Types Of Keyboarding

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Types Of Keyboarding - The keyboard on a computer is a board-shaped piece of hardware and contains a variety of keys with different functions.

The main function of this keyboard has a role to send commands from every letter, number, and symbol that we type so that it is conveyed to the CPU (Central Processing Unit). Then, the command will become a digital signal that is difficult for the processor to understand.

But did you know that there are various types of computer or laptop keyboards? Although the function is the same, each type of computer keyboard has a different form and use.

So, what are the types and types of keyboards on laptops and computers that have been made to date? Here's the list.

Keyboard Types

The types of keyboards on the market are actually based on two things:

1. Maltron Keyboard

These types of keyboards are unique as compared to others because of their physical form. Generally, other keyboards have a flat surface and area. But it's different with this keyboard because the Maltron is made with a rather small area. The mechanism is considered to be taking advantage of the user when typing.

The creators of Maltron consider that when people type on a common keyboard with 10 fingers, they still mostly use 8 fingers. In addition to typing on a regular keyboard, your fingers must adjust to the shape of the keyboard. This is considered to be causing RSI (Repetitive Stress Injuries).

Meanwhile, if the user uses a matron, the keyboard will actually adjust to the hand. Shapes like this, the maker of Maltron guarantees finger comfort when typing so it won't cause RSI. Even this keyboard is also claimed to further increase the speed because what is used is 10 fingers which are really not 8 fingers.


2. Klockenberg Keyboard

KLOCKENBERG keyboard types after the QWERTY and DVORAK appeared, which were created to improve the existing keyboard types. Uniquely, these types of keyboards are separated into two parts, namely the left and right. The two parts are separated by an angle of 15 degrees and are made with a downward slope.

Even KLOCKENBERG has buttons that are made closer to the workbench so that it feels more comfortable when operating. This layout is considered to further reduce the muscle load on the fingers and hands, in addition to reducing the muscle load on the hands and shoulders.

But unfortunately, because the keyboard is separated into two parts, namely the left and right. Then the drawback is that it takes up relatively more space.


3. Dvorak Keyboard

The DVORAK keyboard types first appeared around the 1932s. The keyboard is mechanically arranged so that the right-hand holds more than the left hand. In contrast to QWERTY, which burdens the left hand more than the right hand.

In addition, the DVORAK layout is also designed so that 70 percent of the beats fall on the home row. Of course, this is to reduce fatigue when typing. This means that these types of keyboards are more ergonomic.

According to several trials, the DVORAK layout is 10 to 15 percent more efficient than QWERTY.


4. Alphabetic Keyboard

Before the creation of the QWERTY and DVORAK keyboards, typewriters used to use the Alphabetic arrangement, namely ABCDE and so on. But for some reason, finally changed to QWERTY.

Alphabetic keyboards are no longer used for technological purposes, but can still be found in children's toys so that children are taught to recognize the letters of the alphabet.


5. Numeric Keyboard

In addition to letters, there are also keyboard numbers that are made to be entered in large numbers. And for that purpose, users prefer to use a numeric keyboard where the location of the keys can be easily reached by hand


6. Serial Keyboard

These types of keyboards use DIN 5 Male. The function of the serial keyboard that is commonly used or used by computers of the AT type. DIN 5 Male is a port on a serial keyboard that has 5 pins to connect a computer with a keyboard.

The port on this keyboard is quite different from other keyboard ports, from a fairly large size to a thicker cable shape. These 5 needles will be used as an active keyboard detector, if one of them is damaged, then this keyboard will not be able to be used.


7. PS/2. Keyboard

These types of keyboards are the same as serial keyboards, but their use is used for ATX type computers. These types of keyboards are the most frequently used and used.

In the process of installing this keyboard, you must be careful, because the port you have is similar to the mouse port. So it needs accuracy to connect this keyboard port so that it can be connected properly.

These types of PS/2 keyboards use a mini-DIN plug containing 6 pins as a connector, each of these connector pins has its own. So that the needles are interrelated with one another.


8. Wireless Keyboard

These types of keyboards do not use cables to connect as usual according to the name of this keyboard. The types of connections used by this keyboard are infrared, Wifi, and BlueTooth. To connect it to a computer, it takes a transmitter and receiver unit.

The transmitter itself is usually located on the keyboard itself, while the receiver is usually plugged into a USB or serial port on the SPU. This keyboard can be used by all types of computers and laptops. Most of all, wireless keyboards are one of the favorite keyboards used because they don't bother using cables.


9. USB Keyboard

These types of keyboards are widely used by all computers or laptops because the installation process is very easy and simple. The connector used is a USB connector type, which ensures a faster data transfer process.

This is where the port function is used to connect the USB port on the keyboard with a computer or laptop. USB keyboards are currently more widely used because USB ports are easier than ports with pins. Besides being vulnerable to damage, this keyboard has a thinner cable when compared to the previous version of the keyboard


10. QWERTY Keyboard

The type of keyboard that is very commonly used, may include Toppers. This type was first formed by Scholes, Glidden, and Soule in 1878. At that time the standard commercial typewriter on the QWERTY type.

In fact, until now the QWERTY keyboard is still in use and is well known. On the other hand, the placement of words that do not match the letters of the alphabet is a differentiator as well as a hallmark of the QWERTY keyboard.


11. Mechanical Keyboard

Become one type of keyboard that is easily accessible and run by the general public. Although targeted at gamers at first, mechanical keyboards are truly in the general market.

The shape and design are the same as the QWERTY keyboard, but the components are the differentiating things in this product.

Mechanical keyboards use switches on each keyboard key to register commands to programs.

In other words, switching keyboards speeds up delivering information to programs and generates moments faster.


12. One-Handed Keyboard

Not much different in terms of components, but this one-handed or one-handed keyboard is specially made for gamers.

The advantage is that it does not take up a large table area and responds high.

The players use the keyboard that is often used in playing games. The price is also below the mechanical keyboard in general.


13. Virtual Keyboard

Proof of the progress of the next age comes through the virtual keyboard. Maybe Toppers often see tech scenes in movies about shapeless keyboards, but that stuff actually does exist.

The virtual assessment design still uses a QWERTY design, but you can project it almost anywhere.

The thing that I don't like about this keyboard is that the typing power is not comfortable, usually based on a table.


14. Rubber Dome Keyboard

The Rubber Dome keyboard or membrane keyboard is the most common type of keyboard used on computer devices. Therefore this type of keyboard is also called a standard keyboard. Among its variations, the QWERTY keyboard is the most popular in the world. QWERTY itself is the six letters Q, W, E, R, T, and Y which are placed in the first line.

In addition to the QWERTY, there is also the AZERTY keyboard where the letters in the first row are replaced by A, Z, E, R, T, and Y. The AZERTY keyboard is used mainly in French-speaking countries. For other keyboard variations are QWERTZ and Dvorak.

The QWERTZ keyboard is commonly used in some countries in the Central European region. While the Dvorak keyboard, which is named after its creator instead of the key sequence, was designed in 1936 to increase the typing speed of most English-speaking QWERTY keyboard users.

It does so by ensuring that about 70 percent of keystrokes occur on the "home line" (the letters, starting with A, S, D, and F (below QWERTY) where our fingers naturally type).

Some standard keyboards in non-Latin countries require a completely custom layout for their own alphabetic symbols, such as the Russian JCUKEN keyboard. Japanese and Chinese keyboards that display the original symbols of their respective languages ​​are still made with a QWERTY keyboard layout.

Although the standard keyboard design has undergone major changes over the past 20 years, the layout remains essentially the same. The average number of keys on a standard keyboard is 105, although some older versions have the number of keys in the range of 95-103.

Standard keyboards can be connected to our computers via USB cables and wireless networks, such as Bluetooth, Infrared, and Radio Frequency.

Bluetooth keyboard. This keyboard connected using Bluetooth technology has an excellent working range of up to 10 meters. Bluetooth keyboards are generally compatible with other devices that already support Bluetooth technology.

The keyboard connected to the Radio Frequency network usually has a working range of only 2 meters. This type of wireless keyboard is usually cheaper than a Bluetooth keyboard but can be used more effectively than an Infrared keyboard.

Infrared Keyboard. The main drawback of this keyboard is that it has to be placed in line with the transceiver. It is quite difficult to use and ineffective. However, this type of keyboard has a cheaper price tag than other wireless keyboards.

All of the above wireless keyboards require external power to function. Generally, they are powered by 2 or 3 AA or AAA batteries. Some wireless keyboard models may already support battery charging technology using a USB cable.


15. Keyboard Games

Gaming keyboards are basically types of standard keyboards or mechanical keyboards made with features (or gimmicks) that support gaming activities. Because the gaming industry is growing so fast in various parts of the world, computer equipment manufacturers are providing keyboard types for easier game control and better performance.

Gaming keyboards usually have a striking design that makes them easy to distinguish from regular keyboards. The buttons on the gaming keyboard are made to glow so it looks very cool and attractive.

Some of the additional features found on the gaming keyboard are multimedia keys, LED screen, and palm rest (a keyboard component that functions as a holder for our hands to make it more comfortable when using the keyboard).


16. Laptop Keyboard

Laptop keyboards are also basically standard keyboards that are minimized without losing their effectiveness. The main feature of this keyboard is the distance between the closer keys and the number of keys is less. Despite being smaller, the laptop keyboard remains a universal QWERTY keyboard setup.

You will find numeric keys on most laptop keyboards, but some of the keys that are maximized work as control keys, such as not adjusting volume, screen brightness, and so on.

If your laptop keyboard is damaged, then the best option is to replace it with a new one. It's just that you can't do it yourself, but you have to come to a laptop service center (unless you're already proficient with laptops). The price and cost of repairing or replacing a laptop keyboard itself vary depending on the brand you use.


17. Roll Keyboard

Basically, a roll or flexible keyboard is a combination of a standard keyboard and a laptop keyboard, both in function and purpose. Keyboard rolls usually have the characteristics of large keys with short key spacing.

Most of these keyboards are made of silicone material, which is dust and water-resistant. The roll keyboard keys are made tactile so we don't have to press them hard when typing. As the name suggests, the roll-up keyboard can be rolled up so it can be easily stored in many places without taking up much space.

To work properly, the keyboard roll must be placed on a hard, smooth surface. This keyboard is generally connected to our computer using a USB cable. For information, so that the circuits and cables inside the keyboard roll are not damaged, we cannot multiply this keyboard.


18. Ergonomic Keyboard

It can be said that an ergonomic keyboard is a standard type of keyboard that is designed as ergonomically as possible. This keyboard is specially made for specific purposes such as to reduce back muscles, and carpal tunnel syndrome (numbness and tingling in the hands and arms caused by pinched nerves in the hands).

Ergonomics keyboards generally have a V-shaped design that allows both hands to remain in a more natural position when typing. Keyboard ergonomics has several subtypes including split keyboards (a keyboard made into two parts) and handheld/handheld keyboards (made similar to a gamepad).

Interested in buying this type of keyboard? Prepare quite a lot of money first because the price tag for an ergonomic keyboard is quite expensive or less affordable.




Any question? write in comments
This tutorial is for educational purposes only


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